LCHS Liquid Cargo Handling Simulator
Cargo handling and auxiliary operations simulators are the only means of training qualified personnel of liquid cargo tankers and gas carriers to perform their functions safely and efficiently. The Liquid Cargo Handling Simulator can be used for studying the tanker’s layout, gear and systems. Training in systems and machinery control, the correct performance of cargo handling operations in standard operating conditions and emergency situations is also available.
The simulator is aimed at studying the tanker systems in the framework of standard IMO courses:
- IMO 2.06 «Oil Tanker Cargo and Ballast Handling Simulator»;
- IMO 1.01 «Tanker Familiarization»;
- IMO 1.02 «Specialized training for oil tankers»;
- IMO 1.04 «Specialized Training for Chemical Tankers»;
- IMO 1.06 « Specialized Training for Liquefied Gas Tankers».
Transas produces and delivers simulators for training in operations on:
- Large Crude Oil Carrier (LCC);
- Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Carrier;
- Chemical tanker (CHT);
- Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Carrier.
The advantages of Transas simulators are based on a range of unique solutions.
Load Control System
The calculations of tanks, hull strength and ship loading in the simulator are carried out by the Load Calculator System. The inclusion of this program has been driven by the recommendation of the STCW-95, B 1/12, i 40 (2,3). Transas LCHS boasts a real on-board Load Calculator, in operation onboard 4000 ships worldwide. This program provides connection of all the necessary shipboard calculations with the ship loading, its stability and strength.
Different Cargo Types
Different cargo types can be selected from the databases implemented in the simulator. These databases have been expanded so that operations are carried out for almost all types of cargo.
The mathematical model is superior to the models used in simulators produced by other manufacturers. The math-model allows processes to be accelerated without detriment to physical realism, whereas the training time is reduced.
The interface is optimized for familiarization with the entire system operating principles and for acquiring practical skills in equipment handling. The main tanker units are implemented as 3D objects, showing cross sections of individual assemblies. Computer animation is used to display the current processes.
The Liquid Cargo Handling Simulator has been developed in line with the Convention Requirements.
In addition, the simulator incorporates 3D animation capabilities for the operating machinery as per recommendations B-V/1 (p.2, p.4, p.6). Following recommendation (p.15) we have developed models of concrete tankers currently in operation.
In compliance with part I/12, the simulator enables:
- training in maritime academies and coastal centres;
- competency checks at the maritime administrations and crewing companies;
- onboard training and demonstration of competency.
In compliance with A-I/12, the Transas simulator features include:
- operational capabilities and limitations of shipborne equipment, physical realism appropriate to training objectives (p.1, pp.2);
- behaviour of shipboard systems imitated by the mathematical model and the user interface (p.1, pp.3);
- instructor capabilities enabling monitoring of the operational environment (p.1, pp.4), tracking of exercise conduct procedure and debriefing of trainees (p.1, pp.6).
The simulator allows basic watch and chief officer training within the framework of A-II/1, A-II/2 in respect of:
- cargo planning, safe loading and unloading cargoes;
- prevention of sea pollution;
- maintaining ship stability and seaworthiness;
- study of the ship design and systems.
The simulator has a number of capabilities which allow basic watch and chief engineer training within the framework of A-III/1, A-III/2 in respect of:
- control of pump and piping systems;
- operation of ballast and cargo handling system;
- maintaining ship stability and seaworthiness;
- study of hydromechanics.
The simulator allows special training of the ship masters, officers and the crew within the framework of A-V/1 in respect of:
- characteristics of transferred media (p.2, p.11, p.18, p.26);
- tanker design and equipment (p.10, p.17, p.28, p.30);
- ship operations (p.12, p.19, p.31);
- emergency procedures (p.14, p.21, p.33).
For achieving the full compliance with the Convention Requirements, the LCHS has been supplemented with the Load Control System module, making the simulator compliant with requirements of B-I/12 p.40 in respect of:
- effective operation environment, including cargo control station for handling and stowage of cargoes (pp.1);
- modelling of ship stability and hull stresses in the course of cargo handling operations (pp.2);
- imitation of fluid transfer operations and related calculations (pp.3).